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L'interventionnisme économique public. Étude de droit comparé franco-tunisien

Résumé : This thesis focuses on the scope of public intervention in the economy under French law and Tunisian law. State intervention in the economy aims to improve the conditions for the development of economic activities in a given territory. To grasp the legal changes in the economic action of public persons first of all requires the description of the means of state intervention as they were used in a controlled economy. Discretionary, they relied on nationalization, planning, corporate control and state regulation of prices. Then, it is shown how the economic crisis of the seventies, the European Union, the international financial institutions, the growing weight of the local authorities destroyed the legitimacy of the monopoly of action of the State. These are the factors that explain the decline of the state's claims to lead the economy and act globally on the national territory to promote economic development. The new economic action participates more widely in a new type of public regulation of the economy. State intervention in the economy also questions how the state can or should it intervene through its constitution, vis-à-vis economic actors, vis-à-vis the market, vis-à-vis the state. It is a matter of knowing in what way this principle does or does not have a role to play in the market economy and in state interventionism. Through our analysis, we can conclude that the effectiveness of the state in economic development results from its intervention to improve the organizational efficiency of the market. Thus, the French economy has managed to minimize the possibility of moral hazard and rent-seeking activities by channeling resources towards the more productive sectors. In Tunisia, state intervention that did not conform to the rules of globalization was a major cause of the 2011 revolution because of its negative effect on the organizational efficiency of the market. It is imperative today to introduce fundamental reforms at the level of the state and its organizations, to encourage private initiative, to ensure a restriction of the old institutions and to promote the participation of all citizens in the construction of the new Tunisia. without exclusiveness or marginalization.
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Soumis le : mercredi 12 décembre 2018 - 22:30:56
Dernière modification le : lundi 19 octobre 2020 - 11:10:51
Archivage à long terme le : : mercredi 13 mars 2019 - 16:07:02


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  • HAL Id : tel-01953425, version 1



Amel Njehi. L'interventionnisme économique public. Étude de droit comparé franco-tunisien. Droit. LYON 2; TUNIS EL-MANAR, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-01953425⟩



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