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Article Dans Une Revue Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Année : 2022

Judging accidental harm: reasoning style modulates the weight of intention and harm severity

Résumé

When judging a perpetrator who harmed someone accidentally, humans rely on distinct information pertaining to the perpetrator and victim. The present study investigates how reasoning style modulates the contribution of the victim’s harm and the perpetrator’s intention to third-party judgment of accidental harm. In two pre-registered online experiments, we simultaneously manipulated harm severity and the perpetrator’s intention. Participants completed reasoning measures as well as a moral judgment task consisting of short narratives which depicted the interaction between a perpetrator and a victim. In experiment 1, we manipulated the perpetrator’s intent to harm (accidental vs. intentional harm) and the victim’s harm (mild vs. severe harm). In experiment 2, we aimed to manipulate intent in accidental harm scenarios exclusively, using positive or neutral intents and manipulating harm severity (mild vs. severe harm). As expected, intent and harm severity moderated participants’ moral judgment of acceptability, punishment and blame. Most importantly, in both experiments, the perpetrator’s intent not only interacted with outcome severity but also polarized moral judgments in participants with a more deliberative reasoning style. While moral judgments of more intuitive reasoners were less sensitive to intent, more deliberative reasoners were more forgiving of accidental harm, especially following mild harm. These findings extend previous studies by showing that reasoning style interacts with intent and harm severity to shape moral judgment of accidents.

Domaines

Psychologie

Dates et versions

hal-03654078 , version 1 (28-04-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Flora Schwartz, Hakim Djeriouat, Bastien Trémolière. Judging accidental harm: reasoning style modulates the weight of intention and harm severity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2022, pp.2366-2381. ⟨10.1177/17470218221089964⟩. ⟨hal-03654078⟩
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