12q13.12q13.13 microdeletion encompassing ACVRL1 and SCN8A genes: Clinical report of a new contiguous gene syndrome - Université Lumière Lyon 2 Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Medical Genetics Année : 2019

12q13.12q13.13 microdeletion encompassing ACVRL1 and SCN8A genes: Clinical report of a new contiguous gene syndrome

Résumé

ereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is usually linked to the presence of a pathogenic mutation ACVRL1 or ENG. Thus, apparently there is no benefit to perform an array CGH in case of HHT. However, ENG has been involved in a contiguous gene syndrome due to a de novo 9q33.3q34.11 microdeletion. We describe here a new contiguous gene syndrome involving ACVRL1 gene. A 50-year-old female patient had a typical clinical presentation of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) with epistaxis, cutaneous-mucous telangiectases, arteriovenous malformation. She also presented a cognitive disability. Cognitive assessment showed a heterogeneous cognitive disorder predominating in the executive sphere without intellectual deficiency. She had no peculiar morphological feature. Neurological examination disclosed the presence of contralateral mirror movements during voluntary movement of each hand. A heterozygous deletion of the whole ACVRL1 gene (exons 1 to 10) was found to be responsible for the HHT features. To investigate further the dysexecutive syndrome and the mirror movements, we performed oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) study (180K, Agilent, Santa-Clara, CA, USA). This study revealed a de novo 1.58 Mb deletion on chromosome 12q13.12q13.13 encompassing the ACVRL1 and SCN8A genes. To our knowledge, this deletion has not been previously reported and defines a new contiguous gene syndrome. The loss of one ACVRL1 allele is likely to be responsible for the HHT phenotype, while the deletion of the SCN8A gene is likely to be the cause of the mild cognitive disorder. SCN8A haploinsufficiency might also be involved in the occurrence of mirror movements. This report highlights the benefit of searching for large rearrangements in cases including unusual symptoms in association with HHT. On the other hand, an early diagnosis of 12q13.12q13.13 microdeletion based on the presence of a dysexecutive syndrome and/or mirror movement may allow to prevent HHT complications.

Dates et versions

hal-04000597 , version 1 (22-02-2023)

Identifiants

Citer

Alice Poisson, Gaetan Lesca, Nicolas Chatron, Emilie Favre, Vincent Cottin, et al.. 12q13.12q13.13 microdeletion encompassing ACVRL1 and SCN8A genes: Clinical report of a new contiguous gene syndrome. European Journal of Medical Genetics, 2019, 62 (11), pp.103565. ⟨10.1016/j.ejmg.2018.10.017⟩. ⟨hal-04000597⟩
26 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More