The Four and a Half LIM-only Protein 2 (FHL2) Activates Transforming Growth Factor β (TGF-β) Signaling by Regulating Ubiquitination of the E3 Ligase Arkadia - Université Pierre et Marie Curie Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Biological Chemistry Year : 2012

The Four and a Half LIM-only Protein 2 (FHL2) Activates Transforming Growth Factor β (TGF-β) Signaling by Regulating Ubiquitination of the E3 Ligase Arkadia

Abstract

Arkadia is a RING-based ubiquitin ligase that positively regulates TGF-β signaling by targeting several pathway components for ubiquitination and degradation. However, little is known about the mechanisms controlling Arkadia activity. Here we show that the LIM-only protein FHL2 binds and synergistically cooperates with Arkadia to activate Smad3/Smad4-dependent transcription. Knockdown of FHL2 by RNA interference decreases Arkadia level and restricts the amplitude of Arkadia-induced TGF-β target gene responses. We found that Arkadia is ubiquitinated via K63- and K27-linked polyubiquitination. A single mutation at the RING domain that abolishes the E3 activity diminishes Arkadia ubiquitination, indicating that this modification partly involves autocatalytic process. Mutation of seven lysines at the C-terminal region of Arkadia severely impairs ubiquitination through the K27 but not the K63 linkage and slows down the turnover of Arkadia, suggesting that K27-linked polyubiquitination might promote proteolysis-dependent regulation of Arkadia. We show that FHL2 increases the half-life of Arkadia through inhibition of ubiquitin chain assembly on the protein, which provides a molecular basis for functional cooperation between Arkadia and FHL2 in enhancing TGF-β signaling. Our study uncovers a novel regulatory mechanism of Arkadia by ubiquitination and identifies FHL2 as important regulator of Arkadia ubiquitination and TGF-β signal transduction.
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hal-04590936 , version 1 (28-05-2024)

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Tian Xia, Laurence Lévy, Florence Levillayer, Baosen Jia, Gaiyun Li, et al.. The Four and a Half LIM-only Protein 2 (FHL2) Activates Transforming Growth Factor β (TGF-β) Signaling by Regulating Ubiquitination of the E3 Ligase Arkadia. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2012, 288 (3), pp.1785 - 1794. ⟨10.1074/jbc.m112.439760⟩. ⟨hal-04590936⟩
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