Expanded biochemical analyses of human tear fluid: Polyvalent faces of the schirmer strip - UMS PASS - Production et analyse des données en sciences de la vie et en santé Access content directly
Journal Articles Experimental Eye Research Year : 2023

Expanded biochemical analyses of human tear fluid: Polyvalent faces of the schirmer strip


The tear film forms a protective barrier between the ocular surface and the external environment. Despite its small volume, recent advancements in preanalytical and analytical procedures have enabled its in-depth analysis using multiple approaches. However, the diversity of tear film collection methods and the lack of standardization in pre-analytical methods represent the main obstacles to reproducible results and comparison among different studies. In this study, we first improved the pre-analytical procedures for the extraction of various molecular entities from Schirmer strips (ScS). Subsequently, our investigation focused on analyzing the molecular variances that might occur between two primary tear collection methods: capillary tube (CT) and ScS. Additionally, we examined different parts of the ScS to underscore these variations, which could serve as crucial factors for developing a standardized, optimized protocol for sample processing. Our results show that the inclusion of surfactants in the extraction process enhanced both the yield of protein extraction and the number of proteins identified in ScS, by effectively lysing the cells and improving the solubility of several intracellular proteins. In addition to proteins, nucleic acids could also be recovered for gene expression analyses, particularly from the bulb region of the ScS which is placed in the cul-de-sac. Despite their diluted nature, extracts from ScS remain a suitable material for retrieving tear proteins such as IL-17A at levels as low as the fg/mL range, thanks to highly sensitive immunoassays. Collection methods can affect measured tear protein levels. Lactoferrin is found in higher percentages in capillary electrophoresis analysis of tears collected using ScS compared to tears collected by CT (39.6 ± 4.8% versus 31 ± 4.4%).
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Dates and versions

hal-04271266 , version 1 (10-11-2023)




Murat Akkurt Arslan, Ghislaine Rabut, Solenne Chardonnet, Cédric Pionneau, Alfred Kobal, et al.. Expanded biochemical analyses of human tear fluid: Polyvalent faces of the schirmer strip. Experimental Eye Research, 2023, 237, ⟨10.1016/j.exer.2023.109679⟩. ⟨hal-04271266⟩
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