J. Diamond and P. Bellwood, Farmers and their languages: the first expansions, Science, vol.300, pp.597-603, 2003.

D. Nurse and G. Philippson, The Bantu languages. Routledge Language Family Series 4, 2003.

C. J. Holden and R. D. Gray, Rapid radiation, borrowing and dialect continua in the Bantu languages, Phylogenetic methods and the prehistory of languages, pp.19-31, 2006.

C. J. Holden, Bantu language trees reflect the spread of farming across Sub-Saharan Africa: a maximum-parsimony analysis, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, vol.269, pp.793-799, 2002.

K. Rexová, Y. Bastin, and D. Frynta, Cladistic analysis of Bantu languages: a new tree based on combined lexical and grammatical data, Naturwissenschaften, vol.93, pp.189-194, 2006.

A. Coupez, E. Evrard, and J. Vansina, Classification d'un échantillon de langues bantoues d'après la lexicostatistique, Africana Linguistica, vol.6, pp.131-158, 1975.

W. J. Mö-hlig, Stratification in the history of the Bantu languages, Sprach. Gesch. Afr, vol.3, pp.251-317, 1981.

J. L. Newman, The peopling of Africa: a geographic interpretation, 1995.

Y. Bastin, A. Coupez, and M. Mann, Continuity and divergence in the Bantu languages from a lexicostatistic study, Sciences humaines, 1999.

A. Henrici, Numerical classification of Bantu languages, Afr. Lang. Stud, vol.14, pp.82-104, 1973.

B. Heine, H. Hoff, and R. Vossen, Neuere Ergebnisse zur Territorialgeschichte der Bantu, pp.52-72, 1977.

C. Ehret, Bantu expansions: re-envisioning a central problem of early African history, Int. J. Afr. Hist. Stud, vol.34, pp.5-27, 2001.

B. Pakendorf, K. Bostoen, and C. De-filippo, Molecular perspectives on the Bantu expansion: a synthesis, Lang. Dynam. Change, vol.1, pp.50-88, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02006806

J. Nichols, Modelling ancient population structures and movement in linguistics, Annu. Rev. Anthropol, vol.26, pp.359-384, 1997.

A. Salas, M. Richards, T. De-la-fe, M. Lareu, B. Sobrino et al., The making of the African mtDNA landscape, Am. J. Hum. Genet, vol.71, pp.1082-1111, 2002.

C. R. Gignoux, B. M. Henn, and J. L. Mountain, , 2011.

, Rapid, global demographic expansions after the origins of agriculture, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.108, pp.6044-6049

E. T. Wood, Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome and mtDNA variation in Africa: Evidence for sex-biased demographic processes, Eur. J. Hum. Genet, vol.13, pp.867-876, 2005.

C. De-filippo, Y-chromosomal variation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights into the history of Niger-Congo groups, Mol. Biol. Evol, vol.28, pp.1255-1269, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02006802

S. A. Tishkoff, The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans, Science, vol.324, pp.1035-1044, 2009.

B. M. Henn, Hunter-gatherer genomic diversity suggests a southern African origin for modern humans, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.108, pp.5154-5162, 2011.

M. Sikora, H. Laayouni, F. Calafell, D. Comas, and J. Bertranpetit, A genomic analysis identifies a novel component in the genetic structure of Sub-Saharan African populations, Eur. J. Hum. Genet, vol.19, pp.84-88, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00569398

K. A. Klieman, The Pygmies were our compass': Bantu and Batwa in the history of west central Africa, early times to c, CE, 1900.

R. Blench, Are the African Pygmies an ethnographic fiction?, Central African hunter-gatherers in a multidisciplinary perspective, pp.41-60, 1999.

M. Guthrie, The classification of the Bantu languages, 1948.

M. Pagel, Q. D. Atkinson, and A. Meade, Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history, Nature, vol.449, pp.717-720, 2007.

M. Pagel and A. Meade, A phylogenetic mixture model for detecting pattern-heterogeneity in gene sequence or character-state data, Syst. Biol, vol.53, pp.571-581, 2004.

J. Sukumaran and M. T. Holder, Dendropy: a python library for phylogenetic computing, Bioinformatics, vol.26, pp.1569-1571, 2010.

J. Vansina, New linguistic evidence and the Bantu expansion, J. Afr. Hist, vol.36, pp.173-195, 1995.

Y. Benjamini and Y. Hochberg, Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing, J. R. Stat. Soc. Ser. B Stat. Methodol, vol.57, pp.289-300, 1995.

J. S. Lansing, Coevolution of languages and genes on the island of Sumba, eastern Indonesia, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.104, pp.22-38, 2007.

K. Hunley, M. Dunn, E. Lindströ-m, G. Reesink, A. Terrill et al., Genetic and linguistic coevolution in Northern Island Melanesia, PLoS Genet, vol.4, 2008.

I. Alves, M. Coelho, C. Gignoux, A. Damasceno, A. Prista et al., Genetic homogeneity across Bantu-speaking groups from Mozambique and Angola challenges early split scenarios between east and west Bantu populations, Hum. Biol, vol.83, pp.13-38, 2011.

N. Raufaste and F. Rousset, Are partial Mantel tests adequate?, Evolution, vol.55, pp.1703-1705, 2001.

S. Castellano and E. Balletto, Is the partial Mantel test inadequate?, Evolution, vol.56, pp.1871-1703, 2002.

M. Coelho, F. Sequeira, D. Luiselli, S. Beleza, and J. Rocha, On the edge of Bantu expansions: mtDNA, Y chromosome and lactase persistence genetic variation in southwestern Angola, BMC Evol. Biol, vol.9, 2009.

L. Castrí, S. Tofanelli, P. Garagnani, C. Bini, X. Fosella et al., , 2009.

, MtDNA variability in two Bantu-speaking populations (Shona and Hutu) from eastern Africa: implications for peopling and migration patterns in Sub-Saharan Africa, Am. J. Phys. Anthropol, vol.140, pp.302-311

Y. Matras, Language contact, 2009.

M. Dunn, S. J. Greenhill, S. C. Levinson, and R. D. Gray, Evolved structure of language shows lineagespecific trends in word-order universals, Nature, vol.473, pp.79-82, 2011.

G. Reesink, R. Singer, and M. Dunn, Explaining the linguistic diversity of Sahul using population models, PLoS Biol, vol.7, p.1000241, 2009.

K. Bostoen and C. Grégoire, La question bantoue: bilan et perspectives. Mémoires de la Socíeté de Linguistique de Paris, Nouvelle Série, vol.15, pp.73-91, 2007.