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Estimated Incidence and Prevalence of Serious Fungal Infections in Morocco

Abstract : Few data are published from Morocco on fungal disease, although numerous case reports attest to a wide range of conditions in the country. Here, we estimate for the first time the incidence and prevalence of serious fungal diseases in the country. Detailed literature searches in English and French were conducted for all serious fungal infections. Demographic and individual underlying condition prevalence or annual incidence were obtained from UNAIDS (HIV), WHO (TB) and other international sources. Deterministic modelling was then applied to estimate fungal disease burden. Morocco’s population in 2021 was 36,561,800. Multiple publications describe various fungal diseases, but epidemiological studies are rare. The most frequent serious fungal infections were tinea capitis (7258/100,000) and recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (2794/100,000 females). Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis is also common at a prevalence of 19,290 (53/100,000) because of the relatively high rate of tuberculosis. The prevalence of asthma in adults exceeds one million, of whom fungal asthma (including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)) probably affects 42,150 (115/100,000). Data are scant on candidaemia (estimated at 5/100,000), invasive aspergillosis (estimated at 4.1/100,000), HIV-related complications such as cryptococcal meningitis and Pneumocystis pneumonia and mucormycosis. Fungal keratitis is estimated at 14/100,000). Mycetoma and chromoblastomycosis are probably rare. Fungal disease is probably common in Morocco and diagnostic capacity is good in the teaching hospitals. These estimates need confirmation with methodologically robust epidemiological studies.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03727525
Contributor : Christophe Hennequin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 19, 2022 - 12:17:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 11, 2022 - 1:14:06 PM

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Badre Eddine Lmimouni, Christophe Hennequin, Richard O S Penney, David W Denning. Estimated Incidence and Prevalence of Serious Fungal Infections in Morocco. Journal of Fungi, MDPI, 2022, 8 (4), pp.414. ⟨10.3390/jof8040414⟩. ⟨hal-03727525⟩

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