The first Miocene fossils from coastal woodlands in the southern East African Rift - Terre et Planetes Access content directly
Journal Articles iScience Year : 2023

The first Miocene fossils from coastal woodlands in the southern East African Rift

René Bobe
  • Function : Author
Vera Aldeias
  • Function : Author
Zeresenay Alemseged
  • Function : Author
Robert L Anemone
  • Function : Author
Will Archer
  • Function : Author
Marion K Bamford
Dora Biro
  • Function : Author
Melissa Doyle Boyd
  • Function : Author
David R Braun
  • Function : Author
Cristian Capelli
  • Function : Author
João D’oliveira Coelho
  • Function : Author
Jörg M Habermann
  • Function : Author
Jason J Head
  • Function : Author
Kornelius Kupczik
Tina Lüdecke
  • Function : Author
Amélia Macôa
  • Function : Author
Felipe I Martínez
  • Function : Author
Jacinto Mathe
  • Function : Author
Clara Mendes
  • Function : Author
Luis Meira Paulo
  • Function : Author
Maria Pinto
  • Function : Author
Darya Presnyakova
  • Function : Author
Thomas A Püschel
  • Function : Author
Frederico Tátá Regala
Mark Sier
Maria Joana Ferreira da Silva
  • Function : Author
Marc Stalmans
Susana Carvalho

Abstract

The Miocene was a key time in the evolution of African ecosystems witnessing the origin of the African apes and the isolation of eastern coastal forests through an expanding arid corridor. Until recently, however, Miocene sites from the southeastern regions of the continent were unknown. Here, we report the first Miocene fossil teeth from the shoulders of the Urema Rift in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique. We provide the first 1) radiometric ages of the Mazamba Formation, 2) reconstructions of paleovegetation in the region based on pedogenic carbonates and fossil wood, and 3) descriptions of fossil teeth. Gorongosa is unique in the East African Rift in combining marine invertebrates, marine vertebrates, reptiles, terrestrial mammals, and fossil woods in coastal paleoenvironments. The Gorongosa fossil sites offer the first evidence of woodlands and forests on the coastal margins of southeastern Africa during the Miocene, and an exceptional assemblage of fossils including new species.

Domains

Paleontology
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Dates and versions

hal-04300014 , version 1 (22-11-2023)

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René Bobe, Vera Aldeias, Zeresenay Alemseged, Robert L Anemone, Will Archer, et al.. The first Miocene fossils from coastal woodlands in the southern East African Rift. iScience, 2023, 26 (9), pp.107644. ⟨10.1016/j.isci.2023.107644⟩. ⟨hal-04300014⟩
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