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Maternal age affects equine day 8 embryo gene expression both in trophoblast and inner cell mass

Abstract : Abstract Background Breeding a mare until she is not fertile or even until her death is common in equine industry but the fertility decreases as the mare age increases. Embryo loss due to reduced embryo quality is partly accountable for this observation. Here, the effect of mare’s age on blastocysts’ gene expression was explored. Day 8 post-ovulation embryos were collected from multiparous young (YM, 6-year-old, N = 5) and older (OM, > 10-year-old, N = 6) non-nursing Saddlebred mares, inseminated with the semen of one stallion. Pure or inner cell mass (ICM) enriched trophoblast, obtained by embryo bisection, were RNA sequenced. Deconvolution algorithm was used to discriminate gene expression in the ICM from that in the trophoblast. Differential expression was analyzed with embryo sex and diameter as cofactors. Functional annotation and classification of differentially expressed genes and gene set enrichment analysis were also performed. Results Maternal aging did not affect embryo recovery rate, embryo diameter nor total RNA quantity. In both compartments, the expression of genes involved in mitochondria and protein metabolism were disturbed by maternal age, although more genes were affected in the ICM. Mitosis, signaling and adhesion pathways and embryo development were decreased in the ICM of embryos from old mares. In trophoblast, ion movement pathways were affected. Conclusions This is the first study showing that maternal age affects gene expression in the equine blastocyst, demonstrating significant effects as early as 10 years of age. These perturbations may affect further embryo development and contribute to decreased fertility due to aging.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03695686
Contributor : Emilie DERISOUD Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 15, 2022 - 9:40:22 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:03:07 PM

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Emilie Derisoud, Luc Jouneau, Cédric Dubois, Catherine Archilla, Yan Jaszczyszyn, et al.. Maternal age affects equine day 8 embryo gene expression both in trophoblast and inner cell mass. BMC Genomics, BioMed Central, 2022, 23 (1), pp.443. ⟨10.1186/s12864-022-08593-7⟩. ⟨hal-03695686⟩

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