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Le pouvoir du nom dans les Hymnes de Callimaque

Abstract : Plato's Cratylus is meant to deal with etymology, but Socrates and his interlocutors use the phrase δύναμις ὀνομάτων, which could be translated as 'power of words' as well as 'value of words’. As a matter of fact, the Platonic dialogue points out that words alone generate mental representations of the objects they denote. Once recognized, however, this power soon proves to be deceptive: one cannot maintain to know things while relying on words, and poets' claim to reveal the essence of beings by such a means should not be taken too seriously. Thus, the conclusion of the Cratylus is twofold: interpreting words does not enable us to reach the truth about anything, but δύναμις ὀνομάτων does exist, and may help to convey opinions. Poets' wordplays, however futile they are, can even serve an ideology. I would like to show how the thesis expounded in Plato’s Cratylus underlies the poetics of Callimachus, the great Alexandrian poet. To that end, I will focus on his collection of hymns, the only one of his works that has come down to us almost intact.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 21, 2021 - 5:19:20 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 2, 2022 - 3:55:55 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 10:21:05 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03499992, version 1


Pierre Belenfant. Le pouvoir du nom dans les Hymnes de Callimaque. Etudes classiques. Université de Lyon, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LYSEN038⟩. ⟨tel-03499992⟩



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