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Les rites d'initiation en Grèce ancienne : historiographie d'une catégorie anthropologique et perspectives de recherche

Abstract : Thanks to a pioneering analysis proposed by Jane E. Harrison (Themis, 1912), initiation rites, as an interpretative category, emerged in the field of Greek studies at the beginning of the 20th century. Despite a difficult start, the initiatory interpretation had an exceptional historiographical fate ; it reached its peak in the late 70s and early 90s and permitted to make sense to ritual and discursive greek practices that previously were constantly questioning historians (Attic arkteia or flogging Spartan youths, for example). Since the beginning of the 90s, however, critical analysis have emerged, here and there, that highlight several problems created by the use of initiation rites to interprate Greek worship and discursive practices : conceptual approximation ; metaphorical characteristic ; a loose use of the ancient chronology ; etc.This work seeks to extend and systematize these scattered critical analysis to produce a historiographical analysis of the use of anthropological category of initiation rites in the field of Greek studies. Borrowed from a neighboring discipline, this category has indeed circulated widely in the Greek historiography, undergoing various transformations according to social and intellectual contexts. In a perspective of reflexive historical anthropology, and relying on the notion of historiographical operation, developed by Michel de Certeau and Paul Ricoeur, the first part of this work seeks to uncover the methodological and epistemological prerequisites that enabled the reception, in the field of Greek studies, of this category born in anthropology (chap. 1). The chapter 2 questions the epistemological nature of this category. The second part analyzes what might be called the construction of a Greek avatar of initiation. After an examination of the use and shaping of this category in Greek studies (chap. 3), this thesis highlights the lack of materiality that characterizes the Greek version of the candidate for initiation, largely dependent on the metaphorical model of the black hunter developed by Pierre Vidal‑Naquet (chap. 4). In the third part, this thesis tries to put to the test this Greek version of the initiation by confronting it with various analytical prisms such as time, gender or space (chap. 5, 6 and 7). It is therefore proposed potential new interpretive trails for those youth cultural practices that historiography has often qualified as initiatory.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 16, 2022 - 3:31:43 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03696371, version 1



Romain Roy. Les rites d'initiation en Grèce ancienne : historiographie d'une catégorie anthropologique et perspectives de recherche. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Poitiers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016POIT5006⟩. ⟨tel-03696371⟩



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